NetWare : Detailed Information
NetWare is a sophisticated, 32-bit network operating system (NOS) that supports
Windows, UNIX, OS/2, Mac OS, IBM SAA, and DOS environments.
You should consider purchasing NetWare in the following circumstances:
- You need multiclient support (Windows, UnixWare, UNIX, OS/2, Mac OS,
and DOS) for office automation applications.
- You need support for businesswide applications.
- You need a reliable NOS to guarantee the availability of key applications.
- You need a network solution for independent workgroups and departments
throughout your organization.
In many cases, you can install a NetWare network for thousands of dollars
less than a minicomputer or mainframe system and still get comparable processing
power, functionality, and reliability.
The NetWare NOS is available in a number of user configurations, so you
can choose the user capacity you need and stay within your operating budget.
- Operates as a 32-bit operating system, taking full advantage of 386,
486, and Pentium processors
- Supports large storage and memory capabilities
- Enables you to easily add new services by installing NetWare Loadable
- Enables connection to virtually any desktop, minicomputer, or mainframe
- Supports a variety of network hardware, including Ethernet, token-ring,
ARCnet, and other common network adapters
- Offers advanced network security
- Provides exceptional data protection and system reliability
- Includes complete backup services
- Provides powerful network management capabilities, including remote
- Provides resource management and accounting features
- Is compatible with thousands of third-party applications and services
- Supports an interface for IBM's NetView network management system
- Provides advanced print services
- Includes an improved menu system
- Installs easily with the CD-ROM install option
- Enables sharing of files, applications, printers, and other peripherals
in a multiuser environment
- Supports the Windows, UNIX, OS/2, Mac OS, and DOS operating systems
- Provides key-indexed record management capabilities through Btrieve
- Offers disk access and flexible disk support
- Offers In-Place and Over-the-Wire migration utilities for easier upgrades
- Interoperates with the NetWare 2 and NetWare 4 NOSs
- Provides a full-featured set of development tools
- Includes online documentation in English, French, German, Italian,
- Is available in 5-, 10-, 25-, 50-, 100-, and 250-user versions
32-Bit High-Performance Operating System
Designed around the 32-bit 386, 486, and Pentium environments, the real-time
NetWare NOS provides a foundation of speed and reliability.
NetWare is a multitasking operating system that provides the high performance
necessary for network computing. NetWare operates faster and more efficiently
than network operating systems that run on top of general-purpose operating
systems because it accesses the server's CPU directly. For even higher performance,
you can use Novell's 32-bit NE3200 and NE/2-32 network adapters to increase
your network's speed.
The NetWare NOS's Universal File System provides a variety of features that
improve performance. It employs Turbo FATs on large files to substantially
improve the speed of disk reads. It also uses directory caching, file caching,
and directory hashing to decrease the time required to read and write information.
NetWare uses a disk access technique called "elevator seeking"
to efficiently service multiple disk requests. This technique enables the
disk read/write head to pick up files in the direction in which the head
is traveling across the disk, increasing disk throughput and reducing wear
on disk components. Split seeks, in which data is read from the first available
hard disk regardless of whether it is the primary disk, are also implemented
automatically. Furthermore, the NetWare NOS improves data access and storage
speeds by using data-scattering technology to spread data over multiple
Memory and Storage
The NetWare NOS's disk process ensures that volumes are mounted quickly
and enables developers to create drivers for WORM, CD-ROM, and removable
media devices. The NetWare NOS supports as many as 32TB (terabytes) of free
disk space and as many as 4GB of RAM.
NetWare's Universal File System easily handles large files and volumes,
enabling it to support the large database files usually associated with
minicomputers and mainframes. The maximum theoretical NetWare volume size
is 32TB; the maximum file size is 4GB.
NetWare Loadable Modules
All network services, server-based applications, and server utilities are
NLMs that you can load and unload at any time without bringing down the
server. NLMs are granted access to system functions through the C-Library
(CLIB), a development interface that enables both Novell and third-party
developers to create server-based application NLMs for the NetWare NOS.
Figure 1: The NetWare NOS modular design
With NetWare , you can design a network with the computing resources that
best fit your organization's needs. You can provide connectivity to local
area network (LAN) clients as well as to other networks, host systems, and
remote and mobile users.
NetWare lets you seamlessly integrate specialized computing platforms such
as UNIX, OS/2, OSI FTAM, Mac OS, IBM SAA, and DOS. Users on the network
can share files, application software, printers, and other network resources,
regardless of the desktop operating system they are using.
NetWare serves Windows 3.x and DOS clients through either the NetWare Client
for DOS/Windows or the NetWare Client 32 for DOS/Windows. NetWare supports
Windows 95 clients through the NetWare Client 32 for Windows 95 and supports
Windows NT clients through the NetWare Client for Windows NT. OS/2 clients
are supported through the NetWare Client for OS/2.
NetWare also supports UNIX, OSI FTAM, and NFS clients through add-on NLMs.
With the AppleTalk Filing Protocol (AFP) add-on service, for example, Macintosh
computers can connect directly to the NetWare server. The NetWare UNIX Client
gives UnixWare clients access to a NetWare network. UNIX workstations can
connect to a NetWare server through the NFS add-on service. The OSI FTAM
add-on service enables a wide variety of FTAM systems to access a NetWare
network. The NetWare NOS also supports as many as five Macintosh clients
at no extra cost.
The NetWare file system supports multiple name spaces to accommodate the
file naming conventions of various desktop operating systems. The NetWare
NOS enables users on all supported workstation operating systems to create
files using familiar naming conventions.
Media Independence and Internetworking
NetWare is media independent: It enables you to integrate different, even
incompatible, types of hardware within a single network.
The NetWare NOS provides an internal router that enables a NetWare server
to connect as many as 16 different networks and make them appear as one
logical network. Because users see and use the various physical networks
as one large logical network, fault detection is easier. And, it is not
necessary for all subnetworks to use the same media or topology.
You can also run optional routing services outside the server by using a
workstation as an external router. You can connect as many as 16 subnetworks
to the external router using the same or different media and topology.
Because NetWare supports multiple internal and external routers, users on
any connected subnetwork can access servers on any other connected subnetwork.
The NetWare NOS includes a source-routing NLM that enables NetWare IPX packets
created by a NetWare network to be routed through IBM source-routing bridges.
NetWare internal router
NetWare operates with numerous protocols, including AppleTalk, IPX/SPX,
OSI TP4, SNA, and TCP/IP. Through its Protocol Engine, the NetWare NOS enables
you to provide a wide range of client communications by allowing multiple
protocol stacks to operate concurrently.
NetWare external router
NetWare provides overlapping layers of security to protect your data and
network resources. You control access to network resources through user
accounts, passwords, trustee rights, file rights, and directory rights.
In addition, NetWare confirms a user's identification and checks his or
her authorization before granting requests for services or data.
You can make NetWare security as simple or as complex as your business requires.
You can limit users to operating within specific files, within designated
directories, at a particular workstation, or during specific hours of the
day. You can require users to periodically change their passwords, and you
can use the intruder detection and lockout features to specify the number
of incorrect login attempts allowed before the system locks a user out.
In addition to encrypting passwords at the server, the NetWare NOS encrypts
user passwords on the cable as they are transferred to the server, preventing
intruders from using unauthorized cable taps to discover passwords.
To further increase network security, NetWare enables the signing of NetWare
Core Protocol sessions between the server and a client workstation. This
diminishes the possibility of unauthorized users gaining access to secure
The NetWare NOS has built-in system reliability features that safeguard
it against network hardware failure. Because these fault tolerance features
are built into the operating system, NetWare delivers fault tolerance without
Two of NetWare 's most basic reliability features are read-after-write verification
and Hot Fix. Every time data is written to the network disk, NetWare automatically
performs read-after-write verification, which guarantees that data is readable
at the time it is written. NetWare 's Hot Fix feature finds faulty areas
of the disk, lists them in a "Bad Block" table, and then relocates
data to a usable area--without affecting normal network operation.
NetWare 's disk-mirroring feature protects your system against data loss
caused by defective hard disks. The NetWare NOS duplicates the entire physical
volume on a second hard disk or disk set on the same channel. It also verifies
writes on both volume copies. If an original disk fails, the duplicate takes
over automatically, without loss of data. The NetWare NOS supports as many
as eight mirrored disks.
NetWare 's disk-duplexing feature protects against data loss caused not
only by defective hard disks, but also by disk controllers, interfaces,
and power supplies. In disk duplexing, all data on one hard disk is duplicated
on a second hard disk on a separate channel. This feature automatically
detects, corrects, and logs controller and disk channel faults. If any component
in a disk channel fails, the redundant channel takes over automatically.
NetWare uses a Transaction Tracking System (TTS) to protect multiuser application
files from being contaminated by incomplete transactions. For TTS files,
the NetWare NOS views operations as transactions that will be either wholly
completed or wholly abandoned. If a system failure occurs during an incomplete
transaction, NetWare will back out of the transaction and leave the file
as it was before the transaction began. The NetWare NOS enables TTS to operate
either implicitly or explicitly.
The NetWare NOS also monitors an optional uninterruptible power supply attached
to the server so that if a power failure occurs, the network is shut down
automatically and safely.
Backup and Restore Services
NetWare 's SBACKUP utility enables you to back up and restore all network
data. This NLM lets you perform backups on any network server, eliminating
the need to perform this task from a DOS workstation. SBACKUP also provides
backup for multiple name spaces, such as those used by Mac OS, as well as
for administrative information. The NetWare NOS also supports a variety
of third-party backup and archiving solutions.
Powerful Network Management Capabilities
The NetWare NOS includes several powerful management utilities that simplify
the job of installing, updating, and managing your network. In most cases,
you can manage network resources from a centralized location.
Remote Management Facility
With NetWare 's Remote Management Facility, you can save time and money
by managing remote servers from your own workstation. You can install, upgrade,
and maintain the operating system and configure network services remotely.
Over either a network connection or a telephone line, you can load and unload
network services; mount, dismount, or expand volumes; or execute any console
command without ever having to bring down a server.
Workgroup Manager Capability
The NetWare NOS includes a workgroup manager capability that enables you
to delegate the tasks involved in managing a subset of users. A workgroup
manager is responsible for a defined subset of users, typically those within
a particular department or group. He or she can create users, set passwords,
assign disk space, and grant rights to a group of users.
Automated Workstation Software Update Utility
The NetWare NOS contains the WSUPDATE utility, which makes it easy for you
to update workstation software from a central location. WSUPDATE enables
you to update NetWare workstation programs on all Windows and DOS workstations
automatically, without physically going to each workstation. You can call
the program in the system login script and set it to run as often as necessary.
The NetWare NOS's resource management features enable you to check the status
of each NLM running on the server and to determine which network resources
the NLM is using. With the MONITOR utility, you can track an NLM's use of
memory pools, screens, processes, and semaphores. The NetWare NOS monitors
more than 150 server resources in real time. This helps developers identify
and manage the resources their NLMs use and thus create reliable NLM applications.
NetWare ensures that NLMs run reliably. When you unload an NLM, for example,
the operating system returns all resources used by that NLM to the pool
of available resources. The operating system also performs consistency checking
on all NLMs to protect against NLMs that hoard resources.
The NetWare NOS's accounting features enable you to charge for the use of
network resources. You can base charges on connection time, blocks read
from or written to disk, free disk space used, or the number of requests
made by a workstation. You can vary rates according to the time of day or
the day of the week. You can also assign credit limits and have the system
log out users who have exceeded their limits.
The NetWare NOS also provides dynamic resource configuration, automatically
calculating the internal system resources needed for optimum performance.
Open Development Platform
NetWare 's open development platform enables developers to create NLMs optimized
to run in the NetWare environment, ensuring that you will have a wide range
of server-based applications from which to choose. Novell provides developers
with tools and application programming interfaces (APIs) that make NLM development
easier. NetWare includes CLIB, a set of APIs that developers need to create
Support for NetView
NetWare includes the NetWare Management Agent (NMA) for NetView, an NLM
that supports an interface from the NetWare server to IBM's NetView network
management system. Both NetWare 3 and NetWare 4 servers can use NMA for
NetView to more fully participate in an IBM host networking environment.
NMA for NetView forwards information about events on the server to the NetView
manager. You can use the NetView run command interface on the NetView console
to automate the management of NetWare servers from NetView. Commands supported
include the loading and unloading of NLM software, directory management,
and volume management. You can connect a NetWare server running NMA for
NetView to a host system using a direct token-ring connection or through
a server that runs NetWare for SAA.
Advanced Print Services
The NetWare NOS includes NetWare Print Server, an application that enables
you to run multiple print servers on a single network and allow users to
share as many as 16 printers.
You can attach printers through parallel (LPT1-LPT3) or serial (COM1-COM4)
ports or directly to the network. Network printers may be attached to virtually
any node on the network, including a network server, an external router,
a dedicated DOS-based print server, or any DOS-based user workstation. You
can install multiple print servers on a network or internetwork. Users and
printers can be located on different floors within the same building and
receive service from a single NetWare Print Server.
The NetWare Print Server includes flexible print queue management; you can
configure it to have multiple printers serviced by one queue, one printer
serviced by multiple queues, or an individual printer serviced by its own
queue. Furthermore, you can set the print server configuration so that print
jobs are serviced according to specified priorities. For example, the print
server can service jobs according to queue priority, mounted form priority,
or job position in the queue.
The NetWare Print Server includes user alert and user notification capabilities.
For example, you can configure it to inform users when print jobs are completed
or to notify print operators that the printer needs paper, needs different
forms, or is offline.
Improved Menu System
The NetWare NOS includes the NMENU utility, which requires less memory than
the MENU utility available in previous versions of NetWare. If you are upgrading
to the NetWare NOS, NMENU will easily convert menus created by MENU.
The NetWare NOS's CD-ROM install option makes installation fast and easy.
You simply load the CD-ROM and type answers to a few preliminary questions.
The CD-ROM then automatically installs your NetWare system.
The NetWare NOS can serve as the platform for many of the network services
Novell offers. For example, you can use NetWare as a network operating system
for many of Novell's connectivity products, which help provide network access
to users regardless of their location or computing environment.
In addition, you can use NetWare as the platform for GroupWise, Novell's
messaging solution, and ManageWise, Novell's network management solution.
GroupWise is a fully integrated messaging system that provides E-mail, personal
calendaring, group scheduling, serial routing, task management, rules-based
message management, and workflow routing. By adding GroupWise to your NetWare
network, you can provide users with the tools they need to communicate effectively
with each other.
Sold separately from NetWare , ManageWise 2.1 is a comprehensive, integrated
management solution. With ManageWise, you can easily manage NetWare servers,
analyze network traffic, automate network inventory, remotely control and
manage users' desktops, administer network applications, and prevent virus
- 386-based PC or above (ISA, EISA, or MCA)
- 6MB of RAM (minimum)
More memory may be required, depending on the number of users, the load
they put on the server, the number of NLMs loaded, and the size of the network
hard disks. (More than 70MB of free disk space requires additional memory.)
The dynamic resource configuration feature of the NetWare NOS notifies you
when more memory will improve server performance.
- CD-ROM drive or 3.5-inch diskette drive
- Network adapter
The type of network adapter used depends on the type of computer used as
a server or workstation. In 32-bit Micro Channel servers on Ethernet networks,
Novell recommends using the NE/2-32. The 32-bit bus of the NE/2-32 enables
you to gain the full performance potential of the NetWare NOS by increasing
the amount of data that can be moved on and off the network and into server
memory. For EISA servers on Ethernet networks, Novell recommends the NE3200,
a 32-bit bus master adapter.
- Network cabling or other transmission medium
- 8086-based PC or above
- 68000-based Macintosh or above
- Network adapter
The NetWare NOS supports a large variety of both Novell and third-party
LAN and disk adapters. For a complete list, contact your local Novell partner.
The NetWare NOS includes all the software necessary to install and operate
the network server and to connect as many as 250 Windows, OS/2, or DOS clients
to the network, depending on the configuration you purchase. NetWare also
includes software for connecting five Macintosh clients. The NetWare NOS
supports the following client software:
- Windows 3.x, Windows NT, or Windows 95
- UnixWare Personal Edition 1.0 or above
- UnixWare Application Server 1.0 or above
UNIX NFS Clients
- All UNIX NFS
- NetWare NFS 1
- OS/2 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 2.0, or 2.1, Standard or Extended Editions
Mac OS Clients
- MS-DOS 2.x, 3.x, 4.x, 5.x, or 6.x, DR DOS 6.0, or Novell DOS 7
Many backup devices work with the NetWare NOS. These subsystems are produced
by companies such as Archive, Cipher, Emerald, Gigatrend, Hewlett Packard,
IBM, Mountain, Maynard, Tandberg, Wang, and Wangtek. For a complete list
of backup devices, contact your Novell Authorized Partner.
Before buying the NetWare NOS, you should carefully plan your NetWare installation
. This will help you determine which servers, workstations, and network
adapters will work best with your system and what level of fault tolerance
you will need.
- Logical users supported: 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 250
- Concurrent open files per server: 100,000
- Directory entries per volume: 2,097,152
- Logical drives per volume: 32
- Maximum disk storage capacity: 32TB*
- Maximum RAM: 4GB*
- Maximum file size: 4GB
* Maximums listed are individual limits. You may not be able to use these
specifications at maximum levels at all times, and you may have to purchase
additional equipment to achieve some maximums.
NetWare Command Line Utilities
Command line utilities (commands) that are of greatest use to the average
user are ATTACH, CAPTURE,
SETPASS, and WHOAMI.
For a complete description of these and other NetWare commands, users should
consult the "Utilities Reference" NetWare manual.
The following is excerpted from the Utilities Reference manual with some
modifications. Commands are ordered alphabetically. Text in italics indicates
variables. Square braces ([ ]) around a variable indicates that it is optional.
- NPRINT filename [flags]
- means that the user should substitute a valid filename for the italicized
"filename" when typing in the command. Optional flags, such as
NB which means no banner, can also be typed in.
- login to additional NetWare file servers after logging into the network.
You must have an account on the file server you attempt to attach to or
you will be denied access.
- NetWare networks can have one or many file servers. The login process
typically gives a user access to one file server on the network. To gain
access to other file servers, the attach command is used.
- Common Usage:
- ATTACH fileserver
- Suppose you are logged in to file server TSUGA. Typing in the command:
- ATTACH FSDB
will cause the computer to prompt:
- Enter Username:
After typing in your username (or GUEST), you will be logged into FSDB if
no password is required. If a password is required, you will be prompted
- Redirects printing output from single-user application programs (those
not designed to run on a network) away from local printers (ports LPT1 through
LPT3) to a shared network printer.
- Applications software, such as wordprocessors and spreadsheets, that
is written for standalone (single-user) IBM PC's typically send printing
output to one of DOS's predefined parallel printing ports, LPT1, LPT2 or
LPT3. To get these programs to send their output to network shared printers,
the NetWare shell program has to intercept the output and reroute it. The
CAPTURE command tells the shell to intercept and reroute output from a particular
LPT port until an ENDCAP command is issued.
- Common Usage:
- CAPTURE [option ...]
CReate=file Capture output to a file. NoBanner Don't
print banner page with username. NoFormFeed Disable
form feeds at the printer. NoTabs Don't expand tabs (necessary
for softfonts) Queue=queuename Queue name for output . Server=server
The file server to which output is to be routed. TImeout=n Delay
"n" seconds before queing output. Most programs require some delay
(eg. n=15) to prevent output from being fragmented by short pauses in output.
See the NetWare Command Line Utility Manual for complete list of available
- CAPTURE S=TSUGA Q=FSL217C TI=15 NB NT
will cause all printing directed to LPT1 on your workstation to be rerouted
to print queue "fsl217c" (the Citoh) on file server TSUGA. Each
file will be routed 15 seconds after the last character is received by server
TSUGA. The NB option means no banner page will be printed. The NT option
indicates no tab expansion is desired (required to use softfonts).
- turn off print redirection set up by the CAPTURE command.
- see the CAPTURE command above.
- Common Usage:
- grant trustee rights to users or groups in a given directory. You
must have the Parental trustee right in a directory in order to use GRANT
to assign other users trustee rights.
- Trustee rights are a security feature of NetWare that permit differing
levels of file access to be established for different users on the network.
The network supervisor typically sets trustee rights for most of the directories
on NetWare file servers but users can also set trustee rights for other
users in a given directory as long as they have parental rights in that
- Common Usage:
- GRANT right TO user or group
- GRANT R F C TO FRED
will give (R)ead, (F)filescan (directory search) and (C)reate rights to
user FRED in the current working directory.
Assigns network drive letters to directories, can modify path.
- Common Usage:
- MAP [drive:=directory]
- Letters G through Z can be used in NetWare as shorthand substitutions
for directories located on file server disk (network) drives. The MAP command
is used to make the substitution assignments.
- 1) Typing in:
- will display all NetWare drive mappings currently established for
- 2) Typing in:
- MAP k:=quercus/sys:fred
- will "map" the drive letter k: to the NetWare directory
SYS:FRED on server Quercus. The drive reference "k:" can be used
in place of SYS:FRED within NetWare and some DOS commands.
- 3) Typing in:
- MAP s3:=quercus/user:fred\bin
MAP INS s3:=quercus/user:fred\bin
MAP DEL s3:
- allows you to modify your search path. The first example replaces
the third element of the path with QUERCUS/USER:FRED\BIN. The second inserts
the directory into the third position in the search path (moving all the
rest down one). The third example deletes the third element of the search
- copy one or more files from one network directory to another.
- In the words of the NetWare manual, "NCOPY is nearly identical
to the DOS COPY command, except that it is considerably faster when copying
files between network directories on the same file server." It is also
capable of dealing with file server and volume references in source and
target names which COPY can not deal with.
- Common Usage:
- NCOPY source-filename target-filename
- NCOPY FRED FRED2
will copy the contents of the file FRED into FRED2 in your current working
- NCOPY TSUGA/USER:GEORGE\PAM FSDB/USER:PETE\SAM\PAM
will copy the contents of file PAM in directory GEORGE on file server TSUGA
volume USER to file PAM in the directory PETE\SAM on file server FSDB volume
USER. Note that you must be logged in to both servers for this to work.
- print a file on a shared network printer.
- Common Usage:
- NPRINT file [option ...]
The options for NPRINT are nearly identical to CAPTURE.
- NPRINT memo.txt S=TSUGA Q=fsl217 NB NT
will send the text file memo.txt to the printer attached to print queue
"fsl217" on file server TSUGA for printing. The option NB means
no banner. The option NT indicates no tab expansion.
- rename a directory.
- Common Usage:
- RENDIR path directory
- RENDIR USER/TEST JUNK
will rename the subdirectory TEST in directory USER to JUNK.
- remove trustee rights from users or groups in a given directory. You
must have the Parental trustee right in a directory to use REVOKE to remove
trustee rights from other users.
- see GRANT above.
- Common Usage:
- REVOKE rights FROM user or group
- REVOKE W FROM SAM
will revoke the write trustee right from user SAM in the current working
- View your effective rights in a given directory.
- effective rights are the file access rights you have in a given directory
when your individual trustee rights and the directory's access rights are
combined. See the "NetWare Concepts" section and the NetWare manual
"Getting Started: User's Guide" for a complete description of
will cause the computer to display something similar to:
- Your Effective Rights for this directory are [SRWCEMFA]
- You have Supervisor Rights to Directory. (S)
- May Read from File. (R)
- May Write to File. (W)
- May Create Subdirectories and Files. (C)
- May Erase Directory. (E)
- May Modify Directory. (M)
- May Scan for Files. (F)
- May Change Access Control. (A)
- send a short message to one or more users on the network.
- Common Usage:
- SEND "message" [TO] user or group
- SEND "hello there" TO nicole
will cause the message "hello there" to display on the 25th line
of the workstation user NICOLE is currently logged into. The message stays
on the screen until NICOLE clears it with a specified key stroke combination
- set or change your password on a given file server.
- User accounts are usually protected by a password which must be typed
in when logging in. It is a good practice to change an account's password
from time to time for security reasons. SETPASS lets you quickly
change your password from the command line. (The menu utility SYSCON
can also be used to change your password.)
- Common Usage:
- SETPASS [file server name]
will cause the computer to prompt you for your old password, then the new
password you want to change to. The new password must be entered twice for
confirmation. At the prompt "Synchronize passwords on these file servers?
(Y/N)" choose "Y".
- display users currently logged into the network.
- Common Usage:
will cause the computer to display something similar to: Connection User
Name Login Time 1 MARK 5-20-88 8:10 am 2 PAM 5-20-88 10:45 am 3 *CAROL 5-20-88
11:30 am the connection with an asterisk is you.
- display information about your network connection.
- Common Usage:
will cause the computer to display something like: You are user GAIL attached
to server TSUGA connection 2 Login Time: Wednesday June 20, 1988 8:10 am
Basic NetWare Commands and Utilities
Novell NetWare is the name of the network operating system running on the
Local Area Network (LAN). Most DOS commands are valid on the Novell network.
For example, typing dir will display a listing of files in your current
directory. In addition you can use all the NetWare commands at the network
prompt. Below are the commands you will use most often:
SLIST or NLIST
- Login to file server (eg., login ac2/guest).
- Type: login server/username
- Lists names of currently available fileservers
- Type: slist or slist /a or nlist
- Lists names and physical connections (net addresses and node addresses)
of users currently logged into a specific fileserver.
- Type: userlist /a
- Lists username and file server name of current user. Often used to
check whether individual is logged into the correct fileserver(s).
- Type: whoami
- System configuration utility which displays list of all users and
gives information on your account. Use it to change your password.
- Type: syscon
- Lists all directory paths containing the specified file(s) you want.
- Type: where filename
- Restores files already removed by the DEL or ERASE commands.
- Type: salvage
- Initiates FOLIO help facility to explain how specified command works.
- Type: help command